G20 to set agenda for two-thirds of the world

India’s participation in the G20 process stems from the realisation that as a major developing economy India has a vital stake in the stability of the international economic and financial system…reports Asian Lite News

India’s G20 Presidency, which started on December 1, 2022, is special as for the first time the ‘Troika’ will comprise only developing countries that will set the agenda for two-thirds of the world population, representing around 85 per cent of the global GDP and over 75 per cent of the global trade.

The Troika is the format in which the G20 Presidency works, it comprises the country which is currently holding the Presidency, the country holding the Presidency earlier, and the country which will be the upcoming Presidency holder. This time India (current President), Indonesia (previous President), and Brazil (upcoming President) will form the Troika. As developing countries continue to face several challenges, G20 will look to shape the world’s agenda and lead toward global peace and stability.

India’s participation in the G20 process stems from the realisation that as a major developing economy India has a vital stake in the stability of the international economic and financial system. India has been actively involved in the G20 preparatory process both at the Sherpas Track and the Financial Track since its inception.

Some of the key challenges developing countries face are climate change and food crisis.

Numerous meetings, summits, talks, and conferences have taken place to resolve the climate change issues, and there is considerable progress as well. However, the issue of burdening emerging economies with environmental goals still prevails. Striking a balance between economic growth and measures to cope with adverse climatic conditions, is one of the primary hindrances before emerging economies.

In the recently organized COP 27, in which the delegates agreed to establish a ‘Loss and Damage’ fund to compensate countries most vulnerable to climate change. Loss and Damage refer to the cost incurred from climate-induced weather extremes. India has welcomed the decision and has long supported the initiative. This fund will further help the most vulnerable countries to minimise the effects of climate change.

Coming to the food crisis, food prices have hit record levels in 2022 and have led to a global challenge of food security, especially for people in developing countries.

According to a report by UNCTAD the combination of high food prices and a strong dollar is a “double burden” that many people in developing countries cannot bear, forcing them to make even harder choices – such as skipping meals or removing their children from school – to make ends meet.

The Group of Twenty, or G20, is the premier forum for international cooperation on the most important aspects of the international economic and financial agenda. It brings together the world’s major advanced and emerging economies. The G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, EU, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the UK and US.

The G20 Countries together represent around 90 per cent of global GDP, 80 per cent of global trade, and two-thirds of the world’s population.

The objectives of the G20 are a) Policy coordination between its members in order to achieve global economic stability, sustainable growth; b) To promote financial regulations that reduce risks and prevent future financial crises; and c) To create a new international financial architecture.

The G-20 operates without a permanent secretariat or staff. The chair rotates annually among the members and is selected from a different regional grouping of countries. The chair is part of a revolving three-member management group of past, present and future chairs referred to as the Troika. (ANI)

G20 foreign ministers to meet in March

The foreign ministers of the Group of Twenty (G20) countries are set to meet in New Delhi in March this year, sources said on Thursday.

India assumed the Presidency of the G20 starting in December 2022. The 43 Heads of Delegations- the largest ever in G20-will be participating in the final New Delhi Summit in September next year. India’s special invitee guest countries are Bangladesh, Egypt, Mauritius, Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Singapore, Spain and UAE. India is hosting G20 meetings across several cities around the country.

During a weekly media briefing today, Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) Spokesperson Arindam Bagchi said that India will host G20 foreign ministers meeting. But he did not confirm any date or location for the meeting.

“There is a G20 calendar that we announce as we go along. …Yes, there will be foreign ministers meeting. We will host G20 foreign ministers meeting as is customary. I think it will be in Delhi, that’s the plan. Let’s lock it in and we will announce (other details) when it is appropriate,” Bagchi said.

“We will also try to announce other G20 meetings that will take place,” he made these remarks in response to the media query.

Drawing inspiration from its G20 Presidency theme of “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’-“One Earth One Family One Future, as well as the Prime Minister’s vision of an ‘all of government” approach, India will host over 200 meetings in over 50 cities across 32 different workstreams.

According to the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), India has the opportunity to offer G20 delegates and guests a glimpse of India’s rich cultural heritage and provide them with a unique Indian experience.

In an earlier statement, MEA said the Presidency is also a chance for the G20 Secretariat to provide the country’s citizens with the unique opportunity be a part of India’s G20 story.

The Indian G20 presidency has also planned a year-long India Experience’ for G20 member countries, special invitees, and others. (ANI)

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